In this post, we’ll unpack all you need to know about macronutrients and micronutrients, defining exactly what they are, their specific roles within the body and more.
What Are Macronutrients?
Macronutrients are the nutrients we need in larger quantities that are necessary for providing the body with energy. There are three primary macronutrients: carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Carbohydrates are the body’s primary source of energy. There are two main types of carbohydrates: simple carbs (fast release) and complex carbs (slow release).
Proteins are the body’s secondary source of energy. They are composed of various amino acids and are the actual building blocks of muscle tissue. Protein maintains, repairs and builds muscles.
Studies show that 1.5 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight per day is the optimum amount for maximum muscle gains. The body will reap the benefits of protein replenishment up-to 4 hours post-training.
Fats are the body’s tertiary source of energy. They protect inner organs and thus act as an insulator for the human body to keep warm. There are two main types of fats: saturated fats and unsaturated fats.
What Are Micronutrients?
Micronutrients are the nutrients we need in smaller quantities that are necessary for metabolism and tissue function. There are two primary micronutrients: vitamins and minerals.
In order to achieve maximum muscle growth, a range of amino acids must be consumed every day. There are 20 amino acids. However, the human body can only naturally produce 12 of them. The others, known as essential amino acids, can therefore only be obtained through food and supplements.
In conclusion, macronutrients are the nutrients that the body requires in large amounts and include carbohydrates, proteins and fats and micronutrients are those required in smaller amounts include vitamins, minerals and water.
Individuals must manipulate their macronutrients and micronutrient intakes so that they align with their unique fitness goals.