In the world of blockchain and cryptocurrencies, tokens are king. However, for those new to this space, what are Non-Fungible Tokens and more importantly, what impact will they have?
What Is A Non-Fungible Token (NFT)?
A Non-Fungible Token (NFT for short) is a digital cryptographic certificate that represents a unique asset. In short, it is a way to authenticate an asset.
NFTs allow you to:
- Prove ownership of assets.
- Sell anything that someone else finds valuable.
- Earn royalties on what you own and what you create.
- Accumulate wealth as the value of your assets appreciates.
NFT use cases include:
- Clothing & Wearables
- Real World Assets & Documentation
- Supply Chain
- Virtual Worlds
The Difference Between Fungible & Non-Fungible Tokens
Fungible Tokens are:
- Uniform: All tokens are the same.
- Interchangeable: Tokens can be exchanged for any other token of the same kind. For example, one Bitcoin can be exchanged for one Bitcoin.
- Divisible: Tokens can be divided into smaller units.
Non-Fungible Tokens are:
- Unique: All tokens are different.
- Non-Interchangeable: Tokens cannot be exchanged for another token of the same kind. For example, you cannot exchange your birth certificate for someone else’s birth certificate.
- Non-Divisible: Tokens cannot be divided into smaller units.
Below is a table summary of the differences between Fungible Tokens and Non-Fungible Tokens.
|Fungible Tokens||Non-Fungible Tokens|
|High Liquidity||Low Liquidity|
What Is Blockchain?
Blockchain is a decentralised network that stores a registry of assets (both physical and digital) and transactions within a peer-to-peer network. In short, it is a public registry of who owns what and who transacts what. That means we can all know what digital wallets own what assets at any given point in time.
Blockchain enables the creation of decentralized networks of computers (nodes) that can securely verify and exchange transactions without the need for a centralized authority (servers).
The decentralized, trustless and immutable nature of blockchain allows for the democratization of access to assets by reducing entry barriers, lowering costs, increasing transparency and increasing efficiency.
A New Era
In the past, creators have been at the mercy of their respective industries, intermediaries and platforms by having to adhere to their terms and conditions.
Now however, thanks to NFTs, creators are able to keep track of their entire portfolio of work as it is being bought, sold and traded. They can earn royalties, sell directly to consumers without paying commission to middle-men and can enforce specific criteria for their work so that it can’t be sold or traded without their permission. Using NFTs, creators get paid and continue to get paid whilst maintaining control over their work.
On top of this, when an asset is tokenized (minted on the blockchain), it can be made accessible from anywhere in the world and therefore becomes much easier to trade. Consequently, for the first time in human history, anyone, anywhere at anytime has the power to build wealth through fractional ownership of assets that appreciate with time.
In short, NFTs give power back to both creators and consumers.
The Tokenisation Of Culture
NFTs can be thought of as the tokenisation of culture.
As Matthew Chaim writes here: “NFTs allow us to completely transcend the supposed conflict between scarcity and abundance. We can now truly have our cake and eat it too. Content now gets to be both scarce and abundant.”
He continues: “By creating a rare 1 of 1 NFT that represents a potentially famous and ubiquitously consumed file, we open the doors to capturing the value of viral content. Not by necessarily monetizing each instance that content is consumed, but by the value of that original NFT going up with the cultural significance of its associated art.”
As an analogy, we can use the example of sports cards.
Let’s imagine you own a Cristiano Ronaldo sports card. Everyone everywhere can watch him play football. As Ronaldo’s stock in culture increases, so too does the value of the sports card you own.
Humans are hierarchal animals. We like status. It’s how we’re wired. Everything from the clothes we wear to the cars we drive are ways to signal status to others. NFT’s will be ― some may say already are ― another layer on top of that. In other words, NFT’s are a way to signal status.
Non-Fungible Tokens are a way to authenticate assets. They are unique, non-interchangeable and non-divisible.
NFT’s offer creators a revolutionary new way to monetize their brand directly with fans.
If the definition of an NFT is minting something on the blockchain, then there is no reason why we won’t see a future in which any asset that can be digitalised, will be.